Established in 1968 by Agnieszka Duczmal, it remained initially under the patronage of Jeunesses Musicales and later the Poznan Music Society.
The winning of the Herbert von Karajan Silver Medal at the International Meetings of Young Orchestras in West Berlin in 1976 was a turning point in the career of the group. In 1977 it was transformed into the Polish Radio and Television Chamber Orchestra and next (1988) into the Polish Radio Chamber Orchestra "Amadeus" with Agnieszka Duczmal as its managing and artistic director. Together, the musicians have toured most European countries, the USA, Canada, Mexico, Brazil, Kuwait, Japan and Taiwan, often with famous soloists (e.g. Maurice André, Martha Argerich, Haokan Hardenberger, Steven Isserlis, Krzysztof Jakowicz, Gary Karr, Kevin Kenner, Konstanty Andrzej Kulka, Mischa Maisky, Jeremy Menuhin, Malcolm Messiter, Michala Petri, Alexandre Rabinovitch, Jadwiga Rappé, Vadim Repin, Henryk Szeryng, Krzysztof Szmyt, Guy Touvron, Gheorghe Zamfir.
The orchestra has performed in such famous concert halls as the Gewandhaus in Leipzig, the Musikverein in Vienna, the Queen Elisabeth Hall in London, the Tchaikovsky Hall in Moscow, the Concertgebouw in Amsterdam, the Konserthuset in Stockholm, the Beethovenhalle in Bonn, the Munich Philharmonic, the Leningrad Philharmonic and La Scala in Milan. 'Amadeus' frequently participates in European festivals and regularly records for radio (100 hours so far, the repertoire ranging from baroque to modern music). It collaborates closely with foreign broadcasting companies, e.g. NDR, WDR and SFD in Germany, BBC in Britain, CBS in Montreal, also with Mexican Radio. Five-hour recording has been made for TF1 France.